fine art
online exhibitions:
 Canyon Landscapes
 Italy Revisited
 Stonehenge Landscapes

online retrospectives:
Blue and Red
 Centaur Series
 Central Park Landscapes
 Face to Face
 Human Kind
 Neo Cubo-Futurism
 Sculptural Sand Reliefs
 Song of Love
 Still Life
 Time of Beauty
the artist:
 Artist Statement


Anatoly Krynsky Fine Art - Commentary


A relief is a sculptured artwork where a modeled form projects out from a flat background.

Reliefs are a common type of artwork found throughout the world, particularly to decorate monumental buildings, such as temples. The frieze in the classical Corinthian order is often enriched with bas-relief (low relief). Alto-relievo (high-relief) may been seen in the pediments of classical temples, e.g. the Parthenon. Reliefs can be used for a single scene, or ordered into a narrative. They can be very detailed to the extent that even tensed musculature itself may be seen.

Several types of relief are commonly used and defined although in all cases the images must attach to the background..

Bas-relief (pronounced "bah"), or low relief, with the background compressed for depth; as seen for example in numismatics. Although unusual, Bas-relief may show faces and even bodies in natural relief.

Alto-relievo, or high relief, where the image is highly undercut and rendered almost in the round against its flat background. In alto-relief the figures are usually near natural depth and the background is more detailed and deeper.

Sunken-relief, also known as intaglio or hollow-relief, where the image is carved into the stone, creating in effect a negative, in contrast to other types of relief work where the surrounding stone is carved away to leave the image.

Famous examples of Reliefs include:

* Great Altar of Pergamon, now at the Pergamon Museum, Berlin
* Lions and dragons from the Ishtar Gate, Babylon
* Temple of Karnak in Egypt
* Angkor Wat in Cambodia
* Lion Capital of Asoka, the national symbol of India
* glyphs and artwork of the Maya civilization
* The monument to the Confederacy at Stone Mountain, Georgia
* Borobudur temple, Java, Indonesia
* The Elgin Marbles from the Parthenon now housed at the British Museum.
* The representation of Monticello on a US nickel.

Relief. (2006, November 22). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 23:14, November 26, 2006, from